Destripes Landsat 7 ETM+ using OpenCV + Python

February 13, 2019 | category 👉 image processing, python, remote sensing

Share on:

Remote sensing is a fun game until you are dealing with abnormal datasets, it could be clouds cover %, radiometric effect, and striping effect!


Landsat 7 ETM+ before destriping

If you are working with Landsat-7 ETM+ then you are likely to encounter striping effect caused by scan line corrector (SLC) failure since 2003. In case we need to do some study or looking for historic data that dated back to 2003 for our area of interest (AOI), then definitely we need to correct or destripe this striping effect.

There are few methods that has been developed to encounter this problems such as:

I have been using the inpainting technique in my previous work, which I never published or shared to public before. Technically it has been use in digital image processing for image restoration in Adobe® Photoshop called “Content-Aware Fill” and GIMP called “Resynthesizer” (plugin here).

In order to apply this method I used OpenCV and Python to help me with image processing. OpenCV inpainting module is based on Alexandru Telea’s paper and the second algorithm which is based on algorithm developed by Marcelo Bertalmio, et al.

Here the Python’s dependencies you need to install before running this method.

Install dependencies using python using this command:

pip install rasterio
pip install opencv-python

Go through the code below to learn more!

import rasterio as rio
import cv2
from matplotlib import pyplot as plt
B1 = 'B1.tif'
B2 = 'B2.tif'
B3 = 'B3.tif'
B4 = 'B4.tif'
B5 = 'B5.tif'
B7 = 'B7.tif'
mask_B1 = cv2.imread('gap_b1_mask.tif',0)
mask_B2 = cv2.imread('gap_b2_mask.tif',0)
mask_B3 = cv2.imread('gap_b3_mask.tif',0)
mask_B4 = cv2.imread('gap_b4_mask.tif',0)
mask_B5 = cv2.imread('gap_b5_mask.tif',0)
mask_B7 = cv2.imread('gap_b7_mask.tif',0)

bands = [B1,B2,B3,B4,B5,B7]
names = ['B1','B2','B3','B4','B5','B7']
mask_paths = [mask_B1,mask_B2,mask_B3,mask_B4,mask_B5,mask_B7]

for raster, mask, name in zip(bands, mask_paths, names):
    with as src:
        img = # Read raster band 1 as a numpy array

        # alg 1 : cv2.INPAINT_TELEA ; alg 2 : cv2.INPAINT_NS
        dst = cv2.inpaint(img,mask,3,cv2.INPAINT_TELEA) # Magic happen here!

        fig, axes = plt.subplots(1, 2, figsize=(10, 10), sharex=True, sharey=True)
        ax = axes.ravel()
        ax[0].imshow(img, cmap, interpolation = 'bicubic')
        ax[0].set_title(name+' with strips')
        ax[1].imshow(dst, cmap, interpolation = 'bicubic')
        ax[1].set_title(name+' Destriping')

        #save data to your folder
        with'to/your/output/folder'+ name +'.tif', 'w',
                      transform = src.transform) as out:
            out.write(dst, 1)








Landsat 7 ETM+ after destriping

Let see the different it make after processing. I hope this tutorial can help you in your interesting project. Hit me up is there any questions regarding on this articles.

⤎ back to posts